During the annual Coworking Europe Conference in Milan, the first round of results taken from the most recent Global Coworking Survey were presented to eager attendees. The number of coworking spaces continues to increase and in the last twelve months they have grown by 36%, which puts the number of coworking spaces worldwide at around 7,800. The coworking movement is undeniably here to stay. The survey showed that current spaces serve, on average, a third more members than they did just two years ago. Today, about half a million people are working in coworking spaces. Yet, surprisingly, the increase in members has not led to a more isolated work environment.
The number of coworking spaces is growing worldwide. However, the market for them does not seem to be oversaturated. The question of whether there are already too many coworking spaces was denied by almost 85% of space operators within their region. Slightly more than one in four believe that there is room for similar spaces concerning coworking, and were open to more competitors joining their market. On the contrary, the survey found that only 14% of participants believed that coworking spaces already oversaturated the supply for their region.
Yet, how many coworking spaces exist worldwide? The question is one of the most popular questions within the coworking movement and it’s been usually a tradition to present an updated number with the first results of this survey. However, the more coworking spaces exist, the longer it takes to count them. New spaces pop up, while at the same time others close. Some are branded as a coworking space without being one, some market themselves as “more than just a coworking space”, and others change their concept over time. Therefore, a census evaluating the amount of spaces has to start from scratch and is usually manually counted, which takes more time.
Relative growth decreases
However, the most recent Global Coworking Survey allows an overview of how many coworking spaces there have been in certain periods of the movement compared to when they emerged. In the last twelve months, 36% of new coworking spaces have been added to the already pre-existing ones. The days of spaces doubling annually seems to belong to the past, as rapid development is no longer on the rise.
Yet, absolute growth within the movement is still impressive and is also significantly higher than the rates found within other industries. Starting from the last – conservative – counting, we see the current growth at an estimated 7,800 coworking spaces worldwide. However, certain variations in the development of spaces should be considered when counting. Coworking spaces themselves have grown.
The survey found that spaces currently manage, on average, nearly one-third more members than they did during the last Global Coworking Survey conducted two years ago. Based on these two developments, growth rate of coworking spaces and an increase in average number of members, we see that there are a little more than half a million people in coworking spaces today. To calculate this result we did not take the amount of coworking spaces and multiply them by the average number of members, but instead calculated this by the growth of individual groups of spaces that were collected and only then added and reported in absolute terms.
More members per space do not generally mean more anonymity
Coworking spaces with more members do not necessarily provide a more anonymous work atmosphere. On the contrary, spaces with more members feel even more connected (70% instead of 60%) than they reported on the survey two years ago. Only the proportion of members who feel “strongly” connected to their space remained at a consistent 30%. Another number which also remained stable, was the trust between members, at least when it came to leaving valuables unattended. The survey showed that slightly more than half would leave their mobile phones out without fear of theft at any time in their coworking space.
Members use coworking spaces much more intensely
The first and most obvious reason for this is probably the fact that members use their coworking spaces much more frequently and also work more often in teams. Almost three quarters of respondents work at least three days a week in their coworking space. Two years ago it was only every second person. Although more coworking spaces offer additional team and private offices, the vast majority of members (2015-16: 78 %, 2013-14: 79 %) still mainly work in open workspaces. Surprisingly, the proportion of curated coworking spaces remained stable. Only 17 % of all spaces based their memberships on a positive assessment of the applicant, depending on their interests and profession. Approximately 70 % of all coworking spaces are open to all interested parties, which is almost as many as two years ago.
More coworking spaces operate full-time, yet part-time operators continue to dominate
Many operators continue to pursue one or more activities while running a coworking space. However, their share dropped down to 65% (2011-12: 73%). Today, almost one in three operators are full time; four years ago it was only one in five.
Three in four operators run a coworking space in order to be better connected with other people. The majority also want to improve working conditions for other people and to support the coworking movement in general through their work (each 67%). Nearly one third expects to acquire, through their activities as an operator, new customers and projects on the side.
And how profitable is it to run a coworking space?
The Global Coworking Survey has prepared a number of questions. The self-assessment of coworking spaces is still part of the ongoing the survey and will be published in January. When asked about the profitability of competitors in their region, external assessments were more widespread than in previous surveys. Their statements showed that more spaces are profitable, as well as unprofitable. A black zero expects to see only 35% of all operators; four years ago it was 43%. Since the question has since been simplified, as it is designed for mobile devices, the response behavior today can make it difficult to compare today’s results with previous years.
The most common lease is signed for five years
Lately, there have been many reports on coworking spaces that were forced to close because their leases expired and the new hires need to be significantly higher than the old conditions. In other industries, it does not work differently. The current interest-free policy of many central banks has resulted in rising property prices throughout cities worldwide. Before prices and loans may burst (once again), affecting local rental prices. This development relates to coworking spaces in particular, because four out of five do not own their space. On average, a lease contract for a coworking space runs for 52 months, however, most of operators signed up for five years (60 months).
14% of all coworking spaces with lease must enter into another contract within a year – or be forced to leave.
Just under half of all lease contracts discussed will expire within the next three years. In the next twelve months, one in seven coworking spaces will have to decide whether or not to negotiate, close their doors or seek out a new lease. Overall, every fourth coworking space has moved, at least once, since it’s opening its doors.
Coworking spaces as revitalisation program of urban development
Coworking spaces are rarely found in new buildings. 42% are located in buildings that already existed 50 years ago, ad only half located in the original designated commercial units. We saw that every fifth space moved into former industrial sits. Many coworking spaces will not only revitalize forgotten buildings, but are also likely to lead to a significant revitalization of the surrounding area. Concrete results born from these developments were not a part of this survey.
Positive outlook for 2016
The survey shows that coworking spaces are coming with very positive prospects for the new year. Almost 80% of participants expect an increase in number of members, and three-quarters expect higher revenues, in addition to a stronger bond with members in their community. Overall, nearly 60% are planning more events for next year. The expectations are significantly lower than what was showed in the survey two years ago, but this could also by caused by a new rating system which was introduced for a better layout for mobile devices. Because of this change, the different design makes it complicated to make a direct comparison of both periods for this question.
The survey also found that 61% of all coworking spaces are planning to expand their workspaces in the coming year. This number has increased since the previous survey. A third of the spaces on the survey want to open a second site, much like in previous years, but now it is significantly more likely that they are planning expansions within existing venues (2015-16: 27%, 2013-14: 21%). Overall, the outlook remains very optimistic.
All results mentioned in this article can be retrieved from the slides, which clearly format the numbers. Results are also summarised in the infographic.infographic.